Dialer.LCG is a rootkit. These are programs used to hide files, Windows Registry entries or processes, either their own or those of other programs.
In this way, even when a user looks for these items on a computer, they won't be able to see them.
Rootkits have been widely used for malicious ends, to camouflage other programs on computers that have previously been compromised through other means.
There are certain examples of malware that use rootkits in order to go unnoticed on the computer they have infected.
It uses stealth techniques to avoid being detected by the user:
- It uses techniques included in its code to hide itself while it is active.
- It modifies system permissions in order to hide itself.
It uses several methods in order to avoid detection by antivirus companies:
- It prevents scanning tools from running, such as Windows Registry Editor, FileMonitor, etc.
- It terminates its own execution if it detects that a memory dump program is running, such as Procdump.
- It terminates its own execution if it detects that a debugging program is active.
Dialer.LCG uses the following propagation or distribution methods:
- Exploiting vulnerabilities with the intervention of the user: exploiting vulnerabilities in file formats or applications. To exploit them successfully it needs the intervention of the user: opening files, viewing malicious web pages, reading emails, etc.
- Via Internet, exploiting remote vulnerabilities: attacking random IP addresses, in which it tries to insert a copy of itself by exploiting one or more vulnerabilities.