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Panda Protection

Virus Encyclopedia

Welcome to the Virus Encyclopedia of Panda Security.

Dialer.IRO

Threat LevelLow threatDamageHighDistributionNot widespread
Common name:Dialer.IRO
Technical name:Dialer.IRO
Threat level:Medium
Type:Dialer
Effects:   It establishes a phone connection with a high rate number. It downloads files from several websites. It uses anti-monitoring techniques in order to prevent it being detected by antivirus companies. It spreads , across the Internet.
Affected platforms:

Windows 2003/XP/2000/NT/ME/98/95

First detected on:Dec. 29, 2006
Detection updated on:Dec. 29, 2006
StatisticsNo
Proactive protection:
Yes, using TruPrevent Technologies

Brief Description 

    

Dialer.IRO is a dialer type malware. Dialers usually try to establish phone connections with high rate numbers, significantly increasing the phone bill of the affected user.

Dialer.IRO affects computers that use a modem to connect to the Internet, as the virus modifies the Dial-up network access settings. It changes the telephone number provided by the ISP (Internet Service Provider), which is a local-rate number, to a high-rate number.

 

It captures certain information entered or saved by the user, with the corresponding threat to privacy: .

 

Dialer.IRO accesses several websites to download files, which it then runs. These can be any type of file, although they are normally malware.

 

It uses several methods in order to avoid detection by antivirus companies:

  • It terminates its own execution if it detects that it is being executed in a virtual machine environment, such as VMWare or VirtualPC.

 

Dialer.IRO uses the following propagation or distribution methods:

  • Exploiting vulnerabilities with the intervention of the user: exploiting vulnerabilities in file formats or applications. To exploit them successfully it needs the intervention of the user: opening files, viewing malicious web pages, reading emails, etc.
  • Via Internet, exploiting remote vulnerabilities: attacking random IP addresses, in which it tries to insert a copy of itself by exploiting one or more vulnerabilities.