Spammer.AEL is a rootkit. These are programs used to hide files, Windows Registry entries or processes, either their own or those of other programs.
In this way, even when a user looks for these items on a computer, they won't be able to see them.
Rootkits have been widely used for malicious ends, to camouflage other programs on computers that have previously been compromised through other means.
There are certain examples of malware that use rootkits in order to go unnoticed on the computer they have infected.
- In the local network:
it generates a large amount of network activity and consumes bandwidth.
- On remote sites: it mass mails junk mail (spam).
It reduces the security level of the computer:
it terminates processes belonging to security tools, such as antivirus programs and firewalls, leaving the computer defenseless against attacks from other malware.
It uses stealth techniques to avoid being detected by the user:
- It uses techniques included in its code to hide itself while it is active.
Spammer.AEL uses the following propagation or distribution methods:
- Exploiting vulnerabilities with the intervention of the user: exploiting vulnerabilities in file formats or applications. To exploit them successfully it needs the intervention of the user: opening files, viewing malicious web pages, reading emails, etc.
- It is dropped or downloaded to the computer by other malware specimens, for example: Spammer.AEK.