HaxSpy.L is a rootkit. These are programs used to hide files, Windows Registry entries or processes, either their own or those of other programs.
In this way, even when a user looks for these items on a computer, they won't be able to see them.
Rootkits have been widely used for malicious ends, to camouflage other programs on computers that have previously been compromised through other means.
There are certain examples of malware that use rootkits in order to go unnoticed on the computer they have infected.
It captures certain information entered or saved by the user, with the corresponding threat to privacy:
passwords saved by certain Windows services.
It sends the gathered information to a remote user by any available means: email, FTP, etc.
It reduces the security level of the computer:
it changes the security settings of Internet Explorer, decreasing its security level; it notifies the attacker that the computer has been compromised and is ready to be used maliciously.
It uses stealth techniques to avoid being detected by the user:
- It injects itself in running processes.
- It modifies system permissions in order to hide itself.
HaxSpy.L uses the following propagation or distribution methods:
- Exploiting vulnerabilities with the intervention of the user: exploiting vulnerabilities in file formats or applications. To exploit them successfully it needs the intervention of the user: opening files, viewing malicious web pages, reading emails, etc.
- Via Internet, exploiting remote vulnerabilities: attacking random IP addresses, in which it tries to insert a copy of itself by exploiting one or more vulnerabilities.
- It is dropped or downloaded to the computer by other malware specimens, for example: HaxSpy.K.