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Virus Encyclopedia

Welcome to the Virus Encyclopedia of Panda Security.

Brontok.DK

Threat LevelHigh threatDamageSevereDistributionNot widespread
Common name:Brontok.DK
Technical name:W32/Brontok.DK.worm
Threat level:Medium
Type:Worm
Effects:   It spreads and affects other computers.
Affected platforms:

Windows 2003/XP/2000/NT/ME/98/95

First detected on:Sept. 2, 2006
Detection updated on:Feb. 12, 2007
StatisticsNo
Proactive protection:
Yes, using TruPrevent Technologies

Brief Description 

    

Brontok.DK is a worm that spreads by copying itself, without infecting other files.

 

It captures certain information entered or saved by the user, with the corresponding threat to privacy: .

It sends the gathered information to a remote user by any available means: email, FTP, etc.

 

It affects productivity, preventing tasks from being carried out:

  • In the affected computer: it displays pop-up windows; causes system slowdowns; it converts the computer into a platform for taking malicious action surreptitiously: spam sending, launch of Denial of Service attacks, malware distribution, etc.
  • In the local network: it generates a large amount of network activity and consumes bandwidth.

 

It reduces the security level of the computer: it terminates processes belonging to security tools, such as antivirus programs and firewalls, leaving the computer defenseless against attacks from other malware; it changes the security settings of Internet Explorer, decreasing its security level; it notifies the attacker that the computer has been compromised and is ready to be used maliciously; it listens on open ports in order to control the computer remotely; it awaits remote-control orders received through other channels; it changes system permissions, decreasing the security level.

 

It uses stealth techniques to avoid being detected by the user:

  • It uses techniques included in its code to hide itself while it is active.
  • It terminates processes corresponding to several security tools, such as antivirus programs and firewalls, to prevent detection.
  • It deletes the original file from which it was run once it is installed on the computer.

 

It uses several methods in order to avoid detection by antivirus companies:

  • It prevents scanning tools from running, such as Windows Registry Editor, FileMonitor, etc.

 

Brontok.DK uses the following propagation or distribution methods:

  • Exploiting vulnerabilities with the intervention of the user: exploiting vulnerabilities in file formats or applications. To exploit them successfully it needs the intervention of the user: opening files, viewing malicious web pages, reading emails, etc.
  • Via Internet, exploiting remote vulnerabilities: attacking random IP addresses, in which it tries to insert a copy of itself by exploiting one or more vulnerabilities.
  • Email: sending emails that include a copy of itself as an attachment. The computer is infected when the attachment is run.